Here's a summary of what we've learned
The State of Funerals
In Japan, Buddhist funeral rituals were ancestral rituals of the "family", but after the high economic growth of Japan, the "family" rituals became less and less socially meaningful, and after the Heisei era, funeral rituals became a ritual of self-expression of the deceased.
In other words, it went from a public meaningful death in society to a private death for families and individuals.
On the other hand, temples have become less socially relevant due to the personalization of funeral services. In recent years, the declining birth rate and the concentration of urban populations have shaken the management base of rural temples.
He is also struggling with succession issues.
The current situation of the Buddhism
The number of temples in Japan today is very large, but rural areas are in danger of disappearing due to the depopulation. Many temples have been left vacant, and the number of temples and monks forced to work on the sidelines is increasing as a result.
In addition, because of the principle of separation of church and state, government support is not available, and it is often difficult for affected temples to be restored.
Buddhism began to penetrate Japan around the 6th century, and by the Kamakura period (1192-1333), the number of temples, Buddhist statues, and the establishment of religious sects were noticeable in history, but from the time of the Muromachi period (1392-1573), the suppression of Buddhism and religious sects began to occur.
The system was set up in the early Edo period, and after the Meiji Restoration, temples and Buddhist statues were destroyed all over the country as the borders were declared Shinto.
During the war, it was taken up and used by the government along with Shinto, but after the war, the GHQ's agrarian reform reduced the amount of land available for temples, and some temples declined.
Predictions for the future
Buddhism has been greatly affected by depopulation in rural areas, while there is also a movement to increase the number of new parishioners in cities.
It is up to us to decide whether Buddhism will continue to remain in Japan as it continues to decline and rebuild, and >how the tradition will change and be carried on.
The decline in the number of temples, changes in views of life and death, and the increase in the number of followers of other religions due to international marriages, etc., could weaken the presence of Buddhism in Japan.
The form of funerals will change as a matter of course, and there will be more and more natural burials and graveside services and fewer cemeteries.
Because Japan is expected to become a global society in the future, the number of foreign Christians and Muslims living in Japan is expected to increase. Without understanding, there is a possibility of trouble.
In Muslims, there is a lack of understanding of prayer and dress in the country, soit is important for us to step up to the plate. Specific actions such as halal food and going to lectures are required.
Also, new religions are on the decline.
The diminished emphasis on ancestors and home has led to a change from the Buddhist view of life and death and a positive view of ghosts.
What to do
Depopulation of rural temples
It's hard to get support from the government if you can get it from the government, and it's necessary to consolidate and interest the temples due to financial issues.
Towards a Global Society
The number of Muslims and Christians is expected to increase as the number of foreigners is expected to increase in the future. Religions have their own obligations and customs, and while this is not limited to religion alone, it is now necessary to accept these differences and come to terms with them. (Specifically, go to a lecture or do your own research. The worst thing to do is to accuse people of being biased.