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Contents

About the New Religion
About Spirituality
The Japanese view of life and death
Muslim in Japan About Shinto About Shrines

About the New Religion

new risen religion are kind of scary, aren't they? The image of a strange person doing it.

That's a lot of prejudice.

Not all of them are cults.

That's right. Incidentally, "new religion" was used Japanese pejoratively in the post-war press, etc., so it's preferable to say "new religion".

"New Religion"? I've never heard of it before.

New religion……Generally speaking, it refers to a denomination established after the 19th century that has a uniqueness not found in earlier religions.

It's a pain in the ass to check!

Come to think of it, the "new risen religion" that weren't emerging ...... are a dwindling image now. I wonder why they are decreasing.

Perhaps it's because of the development of social networking and the internet, which has made it possible for people to solve their problems without running to religion more often than not. It's also probably because the faith is not being passed on to the aging population.

 You've been through a lot. I don't think I'm taking over the responsibility.

In fact, one of the strongest declining trends among the "new risen religion" is that of ancestral worship. In other words, it has something to do with the diminishing awareness of "home" that I mentioned earlier.

Wow, that's surprising.

About Spirituality

Let's think about spirituality in this issue.

I wonder if spirituality is a religion? It's like fortune telling.

  I don't know about religion and spirituality.

This may be a little off topic for religion, but it is related to the future of religion in Japan, so please listen to me carefully.

Yes.

 Then, to begin with, spirituality means being spiritual, spirits, etc.

I hear a lot about guardian spirits and such.

Yes, that's right. So why is spirituality so popular in the first place?

Um, because we all have anxiety? Do you want to feel safe in the knowledge that you're being protected or something?

Maybe it's because things have been so crazy lately and you don't know when you're going to die. There's going to be a lot of ghosts and stuff.

Nyanta, your thoughts are close to the doctor's. You believe that this is because the interest in death and life is increasing due to the low birthrate and aging population. In fact, due to the high death rate in our society, young people are more familiar with death and have a stronger sense of spiritual affirmation than the elderly.

Is it spiritual to have a grandparent watching over you nearby?

Broadly speaking, that may be true. Some Spiritualists give messages from such deceased relatives.

The Japanese view of life and death

Now, let me explain Japan's view of life and death.Until now, Japan's view of life and death was strong in Buddhism, and after a memorial service, it became a Buddha, it was further purified, and it was normal to become a god of ancestors and land without individuality.It was the one that the soul which was not able to come off from there becomes a ghost.

Onnen ga onnen.(Deep‐seated grudge is there.)

 27 points.

11 points.

78 points.However, in Japan these days, the scope of memorial services and thoughts has been expanded only to the familiar dead, not their ancestors.In other words, unlike the view of life and death up to now, ancestors are not important, and the dead who have acquaintances and memories are spirits.

 Is it that the spirit is close existence?

Yes that's right.Ghosts turned into positive images rather than negative images of bad people who couldn't make it.

Because the concept of the spirit has changed, does it mean that the form of the funeral might change?

It may not be a Buddhist style.

I cannot completely say that.

Well, I don't want to change that much.

It's also important to convey your feelings.In your opinion, there may be some changes in the temples near where you live now.

We're the ones who're going to make it in the future.

Muslims staying in Japan

Come to think of it, I met a Muslim yesterday. There was a Muslim scarf wrapped around it.

I'm sure Muslim people can't eat pork. That's good!

Unfortunately, there are few Muslims in Japan.

(It's hard, but what you can eat is.)

It is said that Muslims are obliged to worship in groups every Friday. Therefore, it is important to secure the worship facilities "Masjid" and "Mussalla" to gather.

 I've never heard of it. Maybe it's not nearby...

In fact, the number doesn't really work that much. Moreover, when I tried to build Masjid, I was opposed by local residents and the plan was extended.

Well, Islam is not familiar, so I feel uneasy.

Muslims are likely to hold lectures and events for Japanese people in Masjid. However, it is not easy for the Japanese to pick it up.

It's a shame that you're walking up to me.

Come to think of it, does Myan always eat halal food?

Halal?

What Muslim people can eat is called halal food.Recently, some universities offer halal food.

Come to think of it, what do Muslim children do with school lunches?

When it is not halal in the school lunch, it seems to have the lunch which looks like the menu of the day as much as possible, and the dress seems to have to take permission to the school because the girl has to wrap the scarf around the time of the junior high school entrance. It's a burden on parents, isn't it? Worship and fasting is a duty from the elementary school age, but whether the school takes care is a difficult place because it is not even.

Islamic people are burials, right?

Yes. the settlement of Muslims progresses, there will be cases where they will die in Japan. Several Islamic organizations and masjids are searching for cemeteries to secure cemeteries for Muslims, but there have been times when they have been frustrated by opposition from nearby residents. There seems to be a sense of resistance to burial.

But now, funeral methods are diversifying, and I'm sure there will be more graves that can be buried.

About Shinto

What religion do you follow?

Eh, nothing ....... If I had to choose, ...... umm.

Hmmm, Buddhism? It was my uncle's funeral and all that. Personally, I would like to believe in Islam.

I live in Japan and I think it's Shinto. But there's also Christmas.......

We cannot tell. Japan is a mi...... syncretism of religions .

It's a syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism in Japan.

It is gather(=集合shugo in Japanese) rather than syncretism(=習合shugo in Japanese). There are too many events, especially at the end of the year.

Now, let's talk about an indigenous Japanese belief, Shinto. Let's start with ancient times.

History? Wow I hate .......

The idea is to take a historical perspective to build a better understanding.

This site was going to be about the current situation...

The product of Shinto in ancient times is "Kojiki". In the "Record of Ancient Matters", even if a god was killed, new gods and things appeared from there. For example, Kagutsuchi, the god of fire. This shows that there was an idea that death was not a complete annihilation, but a rebirth or transformation. In the Manyo-shu, there is a pillow word for "life" called "Tamakiharu".

“Tamakiharu”?

 If we write the Chinese character for "Tamakiharu", it means "soul". To take on "life" implies the idea that the soul comes and takes on life, and then the soul comes back through there.

 Sounds like reincarnation.

Indeed. That's similar. Well, now the Middle Ages! At this time, Kamakura Buddhism prospered and became a syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism. Not only Buddhism, but also Confucianism seems to have had an influence. In the course of the syncretism, there was a movement to express in detail the latent ideas of Shinto in words. In "Shinto Mysteries," written by Kanetomo Urabe, it is written that "Shinto is not something that is limited to life and death, but something that has the power of origin and works to create life and death itself.

 What's that mean?

Is God a creator of life and death, rather than a person with life and death, like the Buddha.that mean?

The teacher doesn't even know! Next up, early modern times!

Abandoned ......

In the early modern period, the national studies by Motoori Nobunaga and Hirata Atsutane emerged. Mtoori said, "The original Shinto is not concerned with the afterlife like Buddhism is," while Hirata said, "If we don't know the whereabouts of the soul after death, we cannot establish Shinto. It is necessary to clarify where the soul goes after death and how it goes after death, and how life and death are connected.” at idea of the underworld . This is where the invention of Shinto funeral rites and Shinto funeral rituals came into being.

The Underworld of Thought? Shinto funeral rites?

The ideology of the underworld is divided into two types of spirits, those who go to Hades and those who become gods, and the spirits of those who have good intentions will become gods and go to the underworld, the land of the gods. The Shinto-style funeral is a different kind of funeral, which is not the Buddhist funeral of "sending the deceased to the Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss", but a different kind of funeral of "the deceased will stay here and protect their ancestors".

Finally modern!At the time of civilization,national studies became devalued as outdated ideas and systems in the westernized era. The old regimes and ideas were not able to compete with the Western powers, so they modernized, but when they finally succeeded, they shifted Asianism. In that case, national studies were used. With a twist, though.

That's something scary ......

Nationalism", but the national studies of Hirata School took a major step backward from the Meiji era to the Taisho era. Instead, it was replaced by "folklore". "Folklore" seems to have explored how the people had a view of God and a view of afterlife in the oral tradition. The afterlife view of the people was thatif they died, they would join their ancestors in protecting their descendants, and so on.

 This thinking me too!

I often think it's an idea that's still going on today.

About Shrines

Are there shrines near you?

There is! This year's New Year's fortune was a great blessing!

That's good to hear. Now, let's do the current situation about Shinto.

Finally...

Shinto is represented by shrines. After the disappearance of the state Shinto system in the Imperial Japanese Constitution, Japan's "Separation of Church and State"law prohibited neighborhood associations and neighborhood associations from collecting money for shrine dedications and ceremonies, and land that was once the official property of the state on loan without compensation became non-administrative property.

That is damaging to the shrine.

That's true. But it seems that what was damaging to the local shrines was the depopulation of rural areas. I heard that there are situations where they can't afford to take care of the Ujiko. On the other hand, in overcrowded areas, the number of immigrants who do not have the sense of parishioner has increased instead of the decrease of old Ujiko.

Ujiko?(=Priests in English)

A Ujiko is a person who performs festivals to the local Ujiko deity. Each shrine has its own area of Ujiko, and those who do live there and participate in the festival can become a Ujiko.

I have played Kagura. You mean Ujiko.

Hinokami Kagura! Enbu!

Gwah! Brave man, not bad......

 You don't watch that.

Oh! Nowadays, there are few young people who participate in such festivals. It's important to break down the current situation of shrines by continuing such festivals and performing arts. It is more important to enrich the population of people who are interacting with each other, not to compete for the number of population.

But nowadays, there are probably not many people who want to participate in the festival.

It's true that the intrinsic nature of the residents is important, isn't it? How to get people to take an interest in the shrine is the challenge for the shrine.


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